Our presentations have been scheduled concurrently during three time slots during Grey to Green. Please see below for the speakers, detailed abstract and learning objectives for each presentation. For more information about the speakers, please visit our Speaker Bio page and download our detailed agenda.


10:00 AM - 11:00 AM | De Havilland

Improving and Sustaining the Performance of Living Green Infrastructure

Chris Morrison, Principal, StormWater Forestry
Yafit Rokach
, Project Manager, City of Toronto, Parks, Forestry and Recreation Division

The presentation addresses the maintenance of Living Green Infrastructure in new and existing landscapes and what elements are required to ensure the greatest contribution to increased carbon storage and mitigation of urban flooding and heat Island effect among others. Key components of this include appropriate guidance documents, appropriate skills of staff and contractors along with institutional commitment.

There are 3 parts to this presentation.

  1. A brief introduction on how living green infrastructure functions and the impact of currently accepted maintenance practices on the long term health of a site. This will also introduce the principles of Organic Land Care best management practices and the application of these to maintain or improve the performance of two very prominent sites in the GTA. Chris Morrison, StormWaterForestry.

  2. Site 1. Sunnybrook Health Sciences, Toronto. Chris Morrison will speak on the challenges and achievements in transitioning a conventionally maintained site to a higher performing landscape also through Organic Land Care Practices.

  3. Site 2. Corktown Commons and Lauren Harris Square, Toronto. Yafit Rokach, Project Manager will speak on what it has taken to ensure the long term performance of a site which has been designed and built to be maintained organically and the challenges involved.

    Learning Objectives:

  1. A basic understanding of how our landscapes function and the effects of different maintenance practices on the long term health and performance of the environment.

  2. The common challenges in sustaining or improving the performance of landscapes and how to address them.

  3. A take home check list of measures to assist attendees in improving the health and performance of green spaces they manage.



11:00 AM - 12:00 PM | De Havilland

Maximizing community values through inclusive climate adaptation

Trine Stausgaard Munk, Head of Resilience, Ramboll
Alan Cohn, Managing Director, NYCDEP
Vlada Kennif, Director of Sustainability Programs, NYCHA

NYC, Chicago, and Copenhagen are addressing increased flooding challenges by incorporating green infrastructure (GI) into their urban fabric, while also providing social benefits through creative partnerships. New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) and Environmental Protection (DEP) partnered in 2010 to pilot, design, construct, and maintain a variety of GI practices. NYCHA will present case studies 4 housing developments with potential to capture 16 million gallons of stormwater per year. DEP in cooperation with Copenhagen and Ramboll applied a planning approach developed in Copenhagen to assess inland flood risk and mitigate more extreme rain events, or cloudbursts. A pilot at NYCHA’s South Jamaica Houses, will demonstrate the capacity of GI to mitigate more extreme storms, while also enhancing the area for local residents. Ramboll will present two examples from Copenhagen on how GI projects can increase urban connectivity and drive social coherence through close cooperation with and engagement of local communities and how community involvement help drive the business case for climate adaptation. Center for Neighborhood Technology will present programs aimed at mitigating urban flooding, which engaged residents in a wider-ranging resiliency effort that adds capacity to municipal infrastructure, leverages private investment, and enhances disaster preparedness for the communities.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Consider how to engage community members and optimize co-benefits as well as functional GI elements.

  2. Describe the overall approach for applying GI for handling larger storms

  3. Understand the co-relation between GI for climate adaptation and added community values

10:00 AM - 10:30 AM | Albany East

assessing climate change vulnerability across the region of peel’s natural systems

Glenn Milner, Senior Program Manager, Ontario Climate Change Consortium

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges humans face in the 21st century. As the planet warms, we are witnessing more extreme and variable climate patterns, which are leading to unprecedented impacts for society and natural environments worldwide. The warming trend is no longer reversible, which means that even if we drastically curb greenhouse gas emissions today, we will still continue to experience devastating climate change effects for decades to come. Adaptation is needed at all levels, and the future of natural systems under climate change ultimately affects our future. We must act now to increase the protection of natural systems so that ecosystem services are continually delivered, sustainable over the long-term and resilient to climate change. These ecosystem services support us in many ways, by enriching our health and well-being, offering recreational, aesthetic and spiritual opportunities, and strengthening our economy. This presentation will provide an overview of the results of a climate change vulnerability assessment conducted across the Region of Peel’s natural environment. Results will be presented for three types of systems: Groundwater systems, Aquatic systems (rivers, streams, and lake), and Terrestrial systems: natural and urban forests, grasslands, and wetlands.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Climate change vulnerability assessment approaches

  2. Climate change impacts on the natural environment

  3. Adaptation options to reduce climate vulnerability



10:30 AM - 12:00 PM | Albany East

Urban Heat island Panel discussion

Vidya Anderson, Environmental Scientist, University of Toronto Climate Lab
Louise Aubin
, Director of Health Services, Region of Peel Public Health
Lauren Smalls-Mantey, Program Coordinator, New York City Parks and Recreation
Jacqueline Hamilton, Research Analyst, Toronto and Region Conservation Authority

The urban heat island effect continues to worsen in metropolitan regions world wide, with temperature increases up to 12 C higher in cities than the surrounding countryside. This exacerbates air pollution problems, increases energy and water consumption and degrades human health. The experts on this panel will share their policy and project work on how green infrastructure can address the overheating of our cities.  

10:00 AM - 11:00 AM | Albany West

Challenges and best practices around engineered soils panel

Neil Courneya, Gro-Bark
Kees Govers, Liveroof

Engineered soils are the backbone of most green infrastructure projects. Learn how to avoid costly mistakes in the specification, production and installation of engineered soils. Find out what the role of policy is in determining minimum requirements.



11:00 AM - 12:00 PM | Albany West

Innovative product profile

Producer and distributor of a wide range of inert volcanic materials for the building and nursery industry. Learn how this product can be used in your next green infrastructure project.

More IPP presenters coming soon.

Want to feature your product? Check out our Sponsorship Opportunities to present in this session!

10:00 AM - 10:30 AM | William

transforming water infrastructure through actionable “smart” insights

Alison Phillips, Landscape Architect, Project Manager, Greenland International Consulting, Inc
Martin Rydlo
, Director, Marketing and Business Development, Town of Collingwood
Mark Palmer
, President and CEO, Greenland International Consulting Inc.

There has been an explosive increase in real-time Internet-of-Things (IoT) applications, enabling water related industries to exploit insights driven by “smart” data and analytics. In September 2017, a unique “smart” water technology initiative that included green infrastructure practices was initiated by the Town of Collingwood in order to harness, combine and implement industry leading “smart” systems specifically for water infrastructure applications. The aim of our presentation will be to discuss the ultimate goal which is to help transform Collingwood into a sustainable community that is resilient to changing climate effects (i.e. extreme weather events). Insights from the pilot project will help water utilities transform through strategic uptake of these smart products, while supported by an integrated system-based and analytical approach. Our project also aims to determine a ‘Best-science and Smart Solution’ that will help resolve inflow concerns about Collingwood’s (separated) sanitary sewer and storm drainage systems. Both upstream (private property) and downstream (municipal asset) variables are being examined in conjunction with the municipal stormwater and wastewater systems. Multiple data points are measured from the smart (real-time) home basement sump pumps, roof cisterns, rain gardens and permeable parking areas will feed into an infrastructure modelling and monitoring (validation) approach.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand how “smart” water technologies can complement conventional utility planning and management practices.

  2. Understand how this unique project can also create co-benefit opportunities for the community at large including environmental, economic and social.

  3. Learn how private-public-partnerships can be effectively implemented at the local level with strong community engagement



10:30 AM - 11:00 AM | William

silva cells and smart phones

Jenny Hill, Research Scientist, Toronto Region and Conservation Authority

Canopy interception is a small, often ignored contributor to urban water balance. The amount of water retained and evaporated depends upon the surface properties of individual leaves, and the overall leaf density on any tree. As these fluctuate throughout the year, it is difficult to assess and provide credit for the net benefits that the urban canopy provides. Canopy density can be measured in various ways, including recent advances in image analysis algorithms and other handheld sensor data. Here we present a discussion of the various digital tools readily available to assess street trees, in the context of the highly urbanized ‘Queensway Silvacell’ project. Throughout 2018, analyses were performed on paired street trees that received year-round road runoff compared to their adjacent control specimens. The study site recently celebrated it’s 10-year anniversary. It is an underground bioretention system containing four trees, two as one of the earliest installations of its type locally, it has already undergone analysis for water retention and quality treatment in the underground cells. For the first time the increase in tree canopy (and rainwater interception), directly attributable to stormwater irrigation is quantified.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Which smart phone applications are available for tree data collection

  2. How street trees irrigated with (sometimes) salty stormwater mature compared to conventional counterparts.

  3. How street trees might be better incorporated into stormwater management planning



11:00 AM - 11:30 AM | William

Deep root presentation on silva cell

Mike James, General Manager, Deep Root Canada Corp.

Case Study and discussion of the Green Infrastructure public policy innovation by the City of North Vancouver. Over the last decade, cities across North America have implemented Soil Volume Standards for trees and Source Controls to manage stormwater. In a public policy innovation, the City of North Vancouver has merged these two standards into a single Green Infrastructure initiative.Not only does the city have a Soil Volume Standard for Street Trees (15m3 of soil per tree) but they also mandate that developers use that Soil Volume in the public realm as a Source Control to manage the street and sidewalk stormwater runoff in front of new developments. Developers are also required to provide 2 years of monitoring data from these Source Control facilities. This presentation will discuss the public policy innovation that the city has implemented and show through case studies how the policy has been implemented.



11:30 AM - 12:00 PM | William

putting research to work in the highway of heroes living tribute

Darby McGrath, Program Lead, Greening the Canadian Landscape, Vineland Research and Innovation Centre

For 6 + years Dr. Darby McGrath from the Vineland Research and Innovation Centre has been studying how to improve tree survival and establishment in highway right-of-way plantings across Canada.  Research findings and protocols have emerged out of this work including how to improve soil preparation practices for mass urban tree plantings and inform species selections for non-maintained highway sites.  The next critical step of this project was taking the findings and translating the research into practice by informing procedures employed by the Highway of Heroes Living tribute. The Highway of Highways Living Tribute is a campaign to plant 2 million trees along the 401 Highway of Heroes to honour men and women who fought for Canada and create a living memorial to the 117,000 who sacrificed their lives. Many lessons have been learned while translating the research findings to practice for the Highway of Heroes LT. Some lessons learned about  providing the conditions that trees need to survive in harsh roadside settings, the logistical challenges of timing large-scale roadside plantings and nursery stock procurement will be discussed.

2:45 PM - 4:15 PM | De Havilland

green infrastructure & Habitat restoration

Mia Lehrer, President, Studio-MLA
Beth Pratt-Bergstrom, Regional Executive Director, California Regional Centre, NWF
Brian Bauldaulf, Deputy Chief of Parks Development, Mountains Recreation and Conservation Authority
Mark Stanley,
Executive Director, Sam and Gabriel Lower Los Angeles Rivers and Mountains Conservancy (RMC)

Urbanized areas now cover more than 106,000 square miles of the United States, and are home to more than 80 percent of the U.S. population. Although these heavily modified landscapes are often thought of as impeding ecological health, urban infrastructure presents unique opportunities for symbiotic urban ecological systems.

This panel will discuss their role in transforming single-purpose infrastructure into a multi-beneficial systems.  Beth Pratt, California Director for the NWF, will discuss how urban systems can be used to enhance, rather than impede, connectivity for both humans and wildlife. Brian Baldauf, Acting Chief of Park Development for MRCA, will discuss innovative solutions for using parkland adjacent to the River to create habitat, infiltrate storm water, and improve neighborhoods.  Mark Stanley, Executive Officer of the San Gabriel and Lower Los Angeles Rivers and Mountains Conservancy, will discuss the how the River has catalyzed economic and cultural generators. Finally, Mia Lehrer, president and founder of Studio-MLA, will discuss the studio’s work reintroducing ecological & physical processes and a more natural hydrologic and hydraulic regime to River. 

Learning Objectives:

  1. Describe a multi-benefit project that demonstrates resource conservation, sustainable design, and stormwater best management practices.

  2. Examine how partnerships and innovative outreach approaches inform river revitalization planning at different scales of development.

  3. Evaluate strategies for community engagement, research, analysis, policy-making, funding, and project implementation.



3:45 PM - 4:15 PM | De Havilland

the resilient cities of the future

Nick Onody, Director, MT Planners

In responding to the complexity of cities and the collapse of the natural systems that support them, MT Planners have dedicated our practice to improving and enriching urban environments, economies and ecologies through the integration of science and design. Our natural systems approach to city design has focused on the implementation of sustainable practices that have resurrected entire environments from collapse to become thriving focal points of community life. MT Planners has committed to the process of creating the environments needed to sustain humanity in the 21st century. Our focus on natural systems aims to repair and enhance the ecological framework that supports cities and populations around the world. Through our work we are exploring the ingredients of the resilient city and the integration of its complex systems of transit, housing, energy, infrastructure, and ecology. The Wadi Hanifah River Restoration in Riyadh, the Calgary Riverwalk Flood Protection in Canada, and the Living Levee design for the city of Nansha, China will showcase the design strategies for the resilient cities of the future and the proven gains in environmental performance through biodiversity, water quality, economic development, flood protection and stormwater management, and most importantly through human experience and quality of life.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Natural Systems Design

  2. Stormwater Management and Flood Protection

  3. Climate Change Adaptation

2:45 PM - 3:45 PM | Albany East

low impact development features in light rail transit

Bailey Sadowsky, Civil Designer, Arup Canada Inc.
Charles Ormsby, Senior Engineer, Arup Canada Inc.

The Edmonton Valley Line light rail transit (LRT) is a 13km Valley Line section connecting the southeast of Edmonton to Downtown, being delivered as a public-private partnership project. The project includes a cable stay river bridge, twin bore tunnel, maintenance facility, large station complex, 11 stops and 1.5km of elevated guideway structure. As the lead designer, Arup developed the stormwater management plan and drainage design for the main LRT alignment, stops and the Maintenance & Storage Facility site. The work included hydraulic modelling, 2D+overland flow analysis of the existing and proposed drainage networks, and low-impact development (LID) features. LID features, such as rain gardens, bioswales and soil cells, were used throughout the entire rail alignment for water quantity control, peak flow reduction, and water quality improvement. The project design also included an enhanced dry pond which adopts the general characteristics of a dry pond but incorporates measures to achieve water quality enhancements of runoff which would otherwise not be achieved in a standard dry pond. This presentation reviews the successes and challenges of incorporating LID features in light rail transit projects, where the linear corridor is typically constrained.

Learning Objectives:

  1. LID application and suitability in linear transit projects

  2. Incorporating LID features as part of public-private partnership projects

  3. LID application and suitability in cold weather climates



3:45 PM - 4:15 PM | Albany East

landscape architecture - our role in climate change

Jason King, Associate Principal, Greenworks PC

Climate change is the biggest issue facing our planet. There is an urgency to act as designers and planners, and landscape architects have a key role to play in developing solutions that can be integrated into our projects. The dilemma we face is incomplete understanding of the key issues, a lack of clarity about how our work has negative and positive impacts, and the best ways to use our skills and tools in green infrastructure and regenerative design to tackle climate issues. There is a renewed focus on these issues, and Landscape architects need to shift their focus to investigate how designs can aid in mitigating the impacts, and can contribute solutions that can have significant benefits. This session uses Drawdown as a framework to map out the key solutions that are necessary for global change, and explores how to act locally to create benefits. Through case studies, we can reveal actions, metrics, and strategies that can be integrated into all project types. The goal is to provide an active session.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Learn more about the opportunities and challenges for landscape architects to address climate change issues in their work.

  2. Learn about landscape architecture projects that are actively addressing climate change through planning and design.

  3. Become empowered to act by understanding ways to access information, measure impacts, and leverage solutions in all projects.



2:45 PM - 3:45 PM | Albany West

biophilIC Design panel

Phil Fung, President, HiGarden Inc
Onah Jung
, Architect, Studio Jonah
Elizabeth Calabrese, Principal Architect, Calabrese Architects Inc

Biophilic design is an emerging practice that seeks to improve human health and well being, based on the science of biophilia. In this panel, leading design experts will reveal the process and practices they are engaged in to incorporate biophilic design practices.



3:45 PM - 4:15 PM | Albany West

FCM’s Signature Project Offering – Funding Innovation and Capacity Building for Corporate and Community Level Impact

Andrew Kemp, FCM Program Advisor | Programs Communications and Marketing

Significant shifts in weather patterns are already underway in many regions of Canada. Storms of greater intensity and frequency, record-setting droughts and larger-than-normal surges in sea levels pose particular challenges for municipalities. In addition to these challenges resulting from climate change, many of the municipal services that residents use every day—drinking water, sewage treatment and roads—rely on infrastructure that is near or past its intended lifecycle and was never designed to withstand rapid changes in climate patterns. Extreme storms, hotter summers, colder winters, rising sea levels, flooding and drought. These are just some examples of the new reality of climate change for Canadian cities and communities of all sizes.

To address these new challenges FCM offers grants and loans through the Green Municipal Fund (GMF) to Canadian cities and communities to help improve the quality of life for residents. Our funding helps municipalities adapt to climate change, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, make better investments in municipal infrastructure and improve the quality of our communities' air, water and soil. To date, GMF has provided funding for great municipal environmental projects that meet our established minimum environmental thresholds (e.g. 80% reduction in TSS from a project site). 

We want to fund the most innovative and impactful projects with the highest likelihood of successful implementation and eventual broad replication.  The truly transformative. 

2:45 PM - 3:15 PM | William

toronto’s potential green infrastructure network: mapping and quantifying benefits

Sonja Vangjeli, Project Manager, Planning and Design, Waterfront Toronto
Kristina Hausmanis
, Project Manager, Green Streets, City of Toronto Transportation Services
Sheila Boudreau
, Senior Landscape Architect, Special Projects and Design Services, Toronto and Region Conservation Authority

Toronto and its greater region are fortunate to have the bones of a vast interconnected landscape system from the remnants of its glacial geomorphology: the Oak Ridges Moraine, the ravines, and the lake. If all these natural assets were reimagined as part of a continuous regional landscape system of parks and green infrastructure, they could serve as an urban structure that informs planning and development, and contributes to the city’s resilience and quality of life.
As roads are reconstructed, infrastructure is upgraded, and districts of the city are redeveloped, green infrastructure techniques provide opportunities for rebuilding our public realm differently, to enhance the urban and natural environment and perform multiple infrastructural, urbanistic, and ecological functions. Retrofitted urban infrastructures have the potential to expand the city’s landscape network and enhance its ecological performance.
By mapping assets as part of a unified system across scales, and using geospatial analysis to evaluate gaps and opportunities for green infrastructure implementation, individual projects can fit within larger scale systems and have greater positive impacts. By quantifying the multiple benefits of green infrastructure projects through Triple-Bottom-Line Cost Benefit analysis and looking at lifecycle timescales, the true value of these systems can be better understood and managed.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Reframe the city’s landscape assets and future urban retrofits as part of a regional green infrastructure system

  2. See examples of geospatial mapping and analysis methods for selecting potential sites for green infrastructure

  3. Understand the holistic value of green infrastructure by quantifying economic, ecological, and community benefits



3:15 PM - 3:45 PM | William

the economic benefits of biofiltration

Laura Kennedy, Technical Lead, Nedlaw Living Walls
Mitchell Cowburn, Design Consultant, Nedlaw Living Walls

Biofiltration is a proven way to improve indoor air quality. This results in three important economic benefits: reduced energy costs, improved occupant well-being, and increased property value. Reduction in energy costs can easily be quantified for each unique building and weather climate. Meanwhile the less tangible benefits of occupant well-being and increased property value are harder to quantify. In this presentation, we will use various methods to predict the economic gains associated with these three important benefits. These gains will be combined to estimate the return on investment for a biofilter used in Toronto. We also share the evaluation of this biofilter using the new LAPT protocol.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand the design integration of biofilters into high performance buildings.

  2. Learn about the potential energy savings related to biofiltration vs. standard ventilation techniques.

  3. Understand the monetary benefits of increased occupant well-being and property value.



3:45 PM - 4:15 PM | William

towards flood resilient ontario communities

Clara Blakelock, Manager, Water Programs, Green Communities Canada

Flooding is a big problem in Canadian communities. The insurance industry has been sounding the alarm for years. But what can be done about it? Much of the flooding that occurs isn’t in riverine flood plains – it’s urban flooding, which occurs away from waterbodies due to overloaded stormwater or wastewater systems. It’s not a problem that can be solved by municipal infrastructure improvements alone. All levels of government, conservation authorities, academia, the private sector, and the public all need to work together. Our vision of flood-resilient Ontario communities includes four areas: • Prioritize: Plans are in place to reduce flood risk, addressing the most vulnerable neighbourhoods first. • Prepare: Property level measures are in place to reduce flood risk, while minimizing downstream impacts. People prepare for the event of an emergency. • Protect and restore: Runoff is minimized. • Improve: Infrastructure protects all properties from flooding. The Ontario Urban Flooding Collaborative is bringing together stakeholders from across the province to implement projects to implement projects to increase flood resilience.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand gaps around addressing urban flooding

  2. Learn about opportunities to collaborate on projects

4:30 PM - 5:30 PM | De Havilland

urban agriculture panel discussion

Brandon Hebor, Co-Founder, Ripple Farms
Steven Bourne
, Co-Founder, Ripple Farms
Arlene Throness
, Urban Farm Manager, Ryerson University
Kristiina Mai, Professor, Ryerson University
Ivan Guzman, Assistant Professor, New York City College of Technology

Urban agriculture has been growing at a steady pace, and has tremendous potential to strengthen our resilience and address numerous health and social issues in cities.  This panel will explore how to take urban agriculture to the next level. What is working? What policies are needed? Where are the opportunities?

4:30 PM - 5:30 PM | Albany East

social justice and sustainability channel

Heather Ray, Manager, Water Programs, Peterborough GreenUP Association
Adriana Gomez
, Senior Program Manager, Sustainable Neighbourhoods | Watershed Strategies Division, TRCA
Jenn McCallum
, Water Programs Coordinator, Peterborough GreenUP Association
Pamela Ritger
, Milwaukee Program Coordinator and Staff Attorney, Clean Wisconsin
Jay Feiker
, Neighborhood Outreach Coordinator, Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewage District
Yvonne McCaskill
, Coordinator, Century City Tri-Angle Neighborhood Association

Green infrastructure investment can provide much needed employment opportunities in underserved communities, connect neighbors and improve the health and well being of citizens. Intensive investment in one area can also contribute to gentrification. Experts on this panel will share their experiences from around North America.

4:30 PM - 5:30 PM | Albany West

asset management for green infrastructure panel discussion

Michelle Sawka, Senior Research Scientist, Green Infrastructure Ontario Coalition
James Lane, Program Manager, Green Infrastructure, York Region

The province of Ontario will soon be requiring local governments to report on their green infrastructure assets. Green Infrastructure Ontario has been working with a number of experts on asset management. This poses some challenges and opportunities for the current practice.  What changes are needed to standards and capacities are needed in order to properly manage green infrastructure.

4:30 PM - 5:00 PM | William

Steve Whitman, Founder and Principal, Resilience Planning and Design

This study of municipal green infrastructure planning was conducted to better understand how municipalities in the United States are addressing the converging issues of development, land use regulation, and natural resource management using this concept. The research was conducted through a qualitative case study that included a content analysis of 48 municipal green infrastructure plans and adopted land use regulations from municipalities across the United States, as well as twelve semi-structured, in-depth interviews with individuals involved in the creation and/or implementation of a subset of these plans. The study identified an average of 14 ecosystem services and other benefits included in the green infrastructure plans. However, the number of ecosystem services and other benefits found in the adopted land use regulations was much lower overall. A better understanding of the use and implementation of ecosystem services can clarify best practices for leveraging green infrastructure approaches to generate additional benefits and assist municipalities in becoming more resilient. This study’s conclusion is that there is a strong relationship between green infrastructure and preserving or creating ecosystem services, but that there is a great deal of variation in how these initiatives are approached at the municipal scale.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand the variety of ways municipalities are defining green infrastructure.

  2. Understand the role that Ecosystem Services can play in land use planning and regulations that promote green infrastructure.

  3. See the opportunity that exists to better leverage a more holistic approach to green infrastructure planning and implementation



5:00 PM - 5:30 PM | William

living architecture performance tool, an addition to leed

Rohan Lilauwala, Program Manager, Green Infrastructure Foundation
David Yocca, Landscape Architect, Biohabitats

The Living Architecture Performance Tool (LAPT) is a rating system and resource, designed to certify that green roofs and walls are designed to achieve certain measurable and replicable performance benefits, so that they can be funded, designed, installed, and maintained with a higher degree of confidence. In 2018, the LAPT v.1 was released, and pilot projects are encouraged to participate.